What is religion? Are there characteristics common to all religions – can we speak of an „essence“ of religion? What role does religion play in culture and society? What is the relationship of religion toward other scientific disciplines? Is it a genuine „life form“, a particular „language-game“? Can believers and non-believers understand each other? What do we mean by criticizing or founding (giving reasons for) religion? How rational can religious belief be and what role emotions can play in religious life? What distinguishes „believing“ from „knowing“?
The minor subject philosophy of religion pursues these and related questions through the study of classical and contemporary texts. Using various forms of teaching in-depth knowledge of the history of philosophy of religion is imparted to students. With this basis the students will come to know and be capable of discussing the current issues of the subject. Additionally, both the phenomenological-hermeneutical and the analytical approach grant skills for analyzing texts in philosophy of religion, including their structure and argumentation.